Bloodstone is a dark-green variety of chalcedony with inclusions of iron oxide, which produces the red or brownish spots within the stone and sometimes white or yellowish spots can be found. Stones without the reddish "blood" spots are referred to as green chalcedony. It has the same chemical composition as green jasper and is colored by small crystals of actinolite and celedonite.
Bloodstone has been known as Jasper, Bloody Jasper, and Babylonian gem and in ancient times known as Heliotrope from the 2 Greek words meaning sun-turner. The gem was believed to alter the reflected rays of the sun giving them a red color.
Ancient Historian Damigeron: states if this stone is placed in a silver basin full of water and put under the sun, bubbles of gas would rise to the surface and the water would become blood-red. This method was also used to test for authenticity. A true sample was valued as a "touching stone" and believed when placed in contact with tainted food or drink, it would detect the presence of poison.
Leyden Papyrus: praises the stone as an amulet and ranks the stone with great value. If anyone have this stone with him, he will be given whatever he asks for; assuages the wrath of kings and despots and whatever the wearer says would be believed. Whoever bears this stone and pronounces the name engraved upon the stone will find all doors open.
Middle Ages: the stone would make the wearer invisible when rubbed with the juice of the herb heliotrope. A similar tale prescribes mixing powdered bloodstone with the same herb and applying to the hands and face to cause the subject to vanish. The stone was also believed to have medicinal use to stop internal and external hemorrhaging. The methods favored were to cool the stone in water and apply it with pressure to external wounds or to apply the cooled stone between the shoulder blades for internal hemorrhages. Other Practioner recommends cooling the stone in water and placing the stone in the right hand of the patient.
Early Spanish explorers: found Native American using the stone for medicinal use.
Book of Thinges (1574): Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagun recorded numerous cures of hemorrhage caused by plague when treating the Indians. Spaniards, Mexicans and Indians of New Spain also cut the stones into heart shape to guard against diseases of the organ and were also used to heal and cool inflammatory illnesses and fevers.
Vasari (1514-1578): during the visit of Vasari to the artist Luca Signorelli, Vasari was seized with giddiness and hemorrhage and fell fainting to the floor. Luca brought a bloodstone amulet and placed it between his shoulder blades, which stop the flow of blood and saved Vasari's life. From that day forward, Vasari carried the healing stone with him and the malady never reoccurred.
Contemporary advocates of crystal powers: give bloodstone many healing powers. It is said to be an intense healing stone and a "stone of courage". Bloodstone is said to neutralize and eliminate toxins in the body. Today, Bloodstone is still used to stabilize blood flow and is gaining favors as a marrow builder in the treatment of leukemia.
Myths, Legends and Lore:
Christian Tradition: The Bloodstone was said to be green jasper which was at the foot of the cross during Christ's' crucifixion. One version of the story states that drops of blood from the Savior's wounds were splattered onto the stone. Another version says the red spots are from drops, which fell from the tip of a Roman soldier's sword. The face or figure of Christ was carved on the stone to serve as a religious icon. Extraordinary example shows Jesus' face with carvings arranged so the red spots appear to flow from the wounds of the crown of thorns. Lost carvings have been found, and records of the Roman Catholic Church show request for verification and the canonization of the finder.
Vedic Text of India: Vala, a demon god, was slain and dismembered by the demigods. Parts of his body were strewn about the earth and universe to create various gemstones we know today. Agnideva, demigod of fire, stole the complexion of Vala and transformed it into the seeds of bloodstone, which were dropped into India's Narmada River. Other seeds washed up upon the lands occupied by the lower castle, while the rest were spread around India and the world.